Diabetic Evaluation & Treatment

An opthalmologist with an assistant at his desk going over diabetic evaluation paper work from a patient.Patients with diabetes should have an eye exam every year. Early detection of eye disease — including diabetic retinopathy, cataracts, and glaucoma — can prevent vision loss and other complications.

What Is A Comprehensive Eye Exam?

A comprehensive eye exam involves a visual acuity test to measure vision at various distances, and a dilated eye exam to examine the structures of the eye for any signs of disease. During this test, your doctor can examine the retina and optic nerve with a special magnifying lens. Tonometry may also be performed during a comprehensive eye exam to measure the pressure inside the eye with a special instrument.

Diabetic Eye ConditionsAn image of a retina with an eye disease

Patients with diabetes are at an increased risk of developing eye diseases that can lead to vision loss and blindness, such as diabetic retinopathy, cataracts, and glaucoma. In fact, diabetes is actually the leading cause of blindness in the United States.

What Causes Diabetic Eye Conditions

Diabetic eye conditions often develop without any noticeable vision loss or pain, so significant damage may already be done to the eye by the time the patients notices any symptoms. For this reason, it is important for diabetic patients to have their eyes examined at least once a year. Early detection of eye disease can help prevent permanent damage.

A happy elderly Asian couple smiling wearing a pink shirtDiabetic-related eye problems develop from high blood sugar levels, which can cause damage to blood vessels in the eye. Over 40 percent of diabetic patients will develop some form of eye disease in their life. The risk of developing eye problems can be reduced through regular eye exams and by keeping blood sugar levels under control through a healthy diet and regular exercise.

Where Do Diabetic Eye Conditions Develop

Diabetic eye conditions develop in the retina as a result of microvascular abnormalities. The tiny blood vessels within the retina develop microaneurysms and begin to leak blood. As new blood vessels develop, they also leak blood and can cause hemorrhages and permanent damage to the retina.

While diabetics struggle with a high sugar count in the blood along with insufficient insulin production, it is actually the lack of oxygen in the blood that causes eye problems and leads to vision loss.

How Often Should I Get Eye Exams?

Eye exams should be performed at least once a year or as soon as any potential problems are detected in order to ensure early detection of any serious conditions. Early detection is the strongest protection against diabetic eye diseases.

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The LenSx® laser is an advanced, precision based technology that operates with unmatched precisions and computer-control, helping surgeons to customize the procedure to your eye. It is a technologically advanced option for cataract patients. When you choose the LenSx® laser, you’ll enjoy a range of vital benefits. A custom tailored solution for your eyes. While all human eyes share the same basic anatomical structure, every eye is just a bit different in terms of size, depth, curvature of the cornea and other key features. Which is why every eye must be carefully measured and mapped prior to cataract surgery. Read the Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) and our answers to learn more about Cataract surgery.

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